Scaffolding in Brief
Scaffolding can be best described as a temporary framework which is employed to help with the construction or maintenance of homes and buildings. A scaffold is mostly made from metal tubing and fittings of aluminium or steel. The key objective of a scaffolding structure is to offer a safe working place for employees who are engaged in working at height, and additionally to guard passers by from falling objects and builders debris. Check here
Some of the forms of scaffold that can be seen in use on building sites include: birdcages, swingstage, single span scaffolds, independent scaffolding, cantilever scaffolds and hanging bracket scaffolds. Scaffolding frameworks must conform to specified safety obligations as laid down by the council authorities. The principal elements of a simple scaffold are standards, transoms, base plates and ledgers.
The standards (generally known as uprights), are the vertical tubes that transfer the entire weight of the framework onto the base plates and subsequently to the floor. Ledgers are the horizontally fixed tubes that link standards together to form a sturdy platform. The transoms are fixed at 90 degrees to the ledger poles and will ordinarily clamped to the standards, strengthening them and giving support for the boards upon which the tradespeople will do their work.
In order for a scaffold to be effective, a strong foundation is important. In some conditions scaffolding can be erected without foundations, where concrete or a similarly robust surface is already in place. Base plates are employed regardless of what the nature of the surface is. It's important to follow the health and safety guidelines with regard to scaffolding, and the working platform needs to be close boarded and provided with adequate guard rails.
Different forms of ties are employed during the construction of scaffolding, depending on the nature of the structure, these include: anchor ties, box ties, lip ties and through ties. Also, several other fixtures and fittings are used throughout the assembly including: frames, brackets, posts, legs, poles and platforms. So that a scaffolding is safe both workers and passers by, it must be assembled in keeping with the scaffold installation plan that's previously been drawn up for that specific scaffolding. Its format will depend on the shape, location, size and design of the building on which it's installed.